Given after an exam to help students reflect on their study strategies and identify more effective ways to prepare for future exams. They contain questions about preparation strategies, surprises, remaining questions, study goals for the next unit, and so on.
Provide immediate feedback regarding students' confidence in applying their knowledge and skills both before and after completing an assignment. These questions provide a means for students becoming more accurate in evaluating where they need to focus their efforts when studying.
Questions at the beginning of class regarding what students anticipate getting out of a lesson and/or at the end of class about the key points of the lesson. Having students compare their key points to the instructor's can help students develop skills in active listening and important information.