Purposes of Peer Review of Teaching
Formative peer review gives instructors opportunities to consider, modify, and reexamine their teaching with the support of their colleagues by using a shared understanding of good teaching; summative peer review uses the same understanding of good teaching as a criterion for making required decisions about compensation and promotion. Further, frequent formative peer review naturally provides an ongoing process that can contribute meaningfully to summative peer review by demonstrating a trajectory of improvement in teaching over time. Development of a peer review of teaching process can begin with a series of extended conversations within the department about what its goals and purposes for the peer review of teaching are and what it needs to realize those goals.
The following questions can help shape these conversations:
- What do we want our peer review of teaching system to accomplish?
- How do we view the relationship between formative and summative peer review?
Questions for departmental discussion are included below: