Brown, G. & Manogue, M. (2001). AMME Medical Education Guide No. 22: Refreshing lecturing: a guide for lectures. Medical Teacher, 23(3), 231-244.

Catt, S. , Miller, D., & Schallenkamp, K. (2007). You are the key: Communicate for learning effectiveness. Education, 127 (3), 369-377.

Jones, S.E. (2007). Reflections on the lectures: outmoded medium or instrument of inspiration? Journal of further and higher education, 31(4), 397-406.

Revell, A. & Wainwright, E. (2009). What makes lectures “unmissable”? Insights into teaching excellence and active learning. Journal of geography in higher education, 33(2), 209-223.

Steinert, Y. & Snell, L.S. (1999). Interactive lecturing: Strategies for increasing participation in large groups presentations. Medical Teacher, 21(1), 37- 42).

Wood, L.N., Joyce, S., Petocz, P. ,& Rodd, M. (2007). Learning in lectures: multiple representations. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 38 (7), 907-915.


Ambrose, S., Bridges, M.W., DiPietro, M., Lovett, M.C. & Norman, M.K. (2010). How learning works: Seven research-based principles for smart teaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Svinicki, M. & McKeachie, W. (2011). McKeachie’s teaching tips: Strategies, research, and theory for college and university teacher, 13th ed. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning.